The Federal Reserve Bank of New York works to promote sound and well-functioning financial systems and markets through its provision of industry and payment services, advancement of infrastructure reform in key markets and training and educational support to international institutions.
Regional & Community Outreach connects the Bank to Main Street via structured dialogues and two-way conversations on small business, mortgages, and household credit.
Economic Education improves public knowledge about the Federal Reserve System, monetary policy implementation, and promoting financial stability through the Museum and programs for K-16 students and educators, and the community.
Explaining the Persistence of the U.S. Trade Deficit in the Late 1980s
Winter 1991Volume 16, Number 4
Authors: Susan Hickok and Juann Hung
The U.S. trade deficit was twice as large a percentage of U.S. GDP in 1989 as in 1979 although the value of the dollar and the level of U.S. demand relative to foreign demand were roughly comparable in both years. This article investigates the reasons for the deficit's magnitude in the late 1980s. Particular attention is given to two prominent theories about the persistence of the deficit, one focusing on the relationship between exchange rate movements and capital stock developments and the other on shifts in the structure of U.S. trade flows.