Current Issues in Economics and Finance

Have U.S. Import Prices Become Less Responsive to Changes in the Dollar?

September 2006 Volume 12, Number 6
JEL classification: F3, F4

Authors: Rebecca Hellerstein, Deirdre Daly, and Christina Marsh

The failure of the dollar’s depreciation to narrow the U.S. trade deficit has driven recent research showing that the transmission of exchange rate changes to import prices has declined sharply in industrial countries. Estimates presented in this study, however, suggest that “pass-through” to U.S. import prices has fallen only modestly, if at all, in the last decade. The authors argue that methodological changes in the collection of import data and the inclusion of commodity prices in pass-through models may have contributed to earlier findings of low pass-through rates.

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