Staff Reports
Money Market Fund Vulnerabilities: A Global Perspective
Number 1009
March 2022

JEL classification: G20, G23, G28

Authors: Antoine Bouveret, Antoine Martin, and Patrick E. McCabe

Money market funds (MMFs) are popular around the world, with over $9 trillion in assets under management globally. From their origins in the 1970s, MMFs have operated in a niche between the capital markets and the banking system, as investment funds that offer private money-like assets with features similar to those of bank deposits. Hence, they are vulnerable to runs that arise from liquidity transformation and from sudden changes in investor perceptions of the funds’ ability to serve as money-like assets. Since 2000, MMF runs have occurred in many countries and under many regulatory regimes. The global pattern of runs and crises shows that MMF vulnerabilities are not unique to a particular set of governing arrangements, and that mitigating these vulnerabilities requires fundamental reforms that either place MMFs more clearly within the investment-fund sector or establish protections for MMFs similar to those for deposits.

Available only in PDF
Author Disclosure Statement(s)
Antoine Bouveret
I have nothing to declare.

Antoine Martin
I have nothing to declare.

Patrick McCabe
I have nothing to declare.
By continuing to use our site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Statement. You can learn more about how we use cookies by reviewing our Privacy Statement.   Close