The Orange-Rockland-Westchester area is located in downstate New York in the Lower Hudson Valley and has a population of 1.7 million. Westchester County is the most densely populated of the three counties, and accounts for more than half of the population. The largest cities in the area include Yonkers, White Plains, and New Rochelle—all in Westchester County. Many residents commute from this region to New York City, though Westchester itself has become a major employment hub. Decades ago, manufacturing was a large employer, but today the share of workers in manufacturing is less than half the national share. The health and education sector has been adding jobs at a rapid clip and has become an increasingly important employer in the area. Leisure and hospitality has also been growing significantly. All three counties have above-average incomes, and educational attainment is high, particularly in Westchester County.

Economic and Demographic Trends
New York City* Long Island New York State USA
Population1 1,691,000 8,623,000 2,862,000 19,849,000 325,719,000
Pop growth, 10-year change1 5.5% 3.8% 2.3% 3.7% 8.1%
GDP, billions2 $111 $883 $176 $1,500 $18,510
Job growth, 5-year change1 6.5% 13.4% 6.3% 8.3% 9.3%
Median household income2 $76,600 $58,000 $98,600 $62,000 $57,000
Median home price2 $300,000 $520,000 $400,000 $300,000 $200,000
Pop share age 25+ with BA+2 42.1% 37.0% 39.7% 35.7% 31.3%

1 2017

2 2016

* Neighboring Metros

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics; IPUMS USA-University of Minnesota. Data retrieved through American FactFinder, Moody's, or directly from source.

Reports & Analysis
Orange-Rockland-Westchester Economic Indicators (a new feature with detailed data and timely updates)
Labor Markets in the Region Are Exceptionally Tight (Dec 4, 2018)
New York State’s Community Colleges are Successfully Partnering with Employers (Nov 14, 2018)
A Tale of Two States: The Recession’s Impact on N.Y. and N.J. School Finances (Feb 2017)
Lower Hudson Valley Regional Household Debt & Credit Snapshot (released Q4 2016)