The Orange-Rockland-Westchester area is located in downstate New York in the Lower Hudson Valley and has a population of 1.7 million. Westchester County is the most densely populated of the three counties, and accounts for more than half of the population. The largest cities in the area include Yonkers, White Plains, and New Rochelle—all in Westchester County. Many residents commute from this region to New York City, though Westchester itself has become a major employment hub. Decades ago, manufacturing was a large employer, but today the share of workers in manufacturing is less than half the national share. The health and education sector has been adding jobs at a rapid clip and has become an increasingly important employer in the area. Leisure and hospitality has also been growing significantly. All three counties have above-average incomes, and educational attainment is high, particularly in Westchester County.

Economic and Demographic Trends
New York City* Long Island New York State USA
Population1 1,678,000 8,337,000 2,834,000 19,454,000 328,240,000
Pop growth, 10-year change1 3.3% -0.7% 0.5% 0.8% 7.0%
GDP, billions1 $124 $1,065 $197 $1,772 $21,433
Job growth, 5-year change1 6.3% 12.0% 4.3% 7.4% 8.6%
Median household income1 $90,200 $69,000 $112,000 $71,600 $65,000
Median home price1 $350,000 $650,000 $450,000 $320,000 $230,000
Pop share age 25+ with BA+1 45.3% 39.2% 42.6% 37.8% 33.1%

1 2019

* Neighboring Metros

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics; U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; IPUMS USA-University of Minnesota. Data retrieved through, Moody's, or directly from source.

Reports & Analysis
Orange-Rockland-Westchester Economic Indicators (detailed data and timely updates)
Early Benchmarked Employment Data (Mar 10, 2021)
Press Briefing on Economic Conditions in the Region (Dec 2, 2020 Webcast)
Jaison Abel’s Briefing on the New York State Economy During the Pandemic (Sep 30, 2020)
Tracking the Spread of COVID-19 in the Region (Aug 27, 2020)
Jason Bram's Briefing on Regional Economic Conditions During the Pandemic (July 14, 2020)
Finally, Some Signs of Improvement in the Regional Economy (Jun 16, 2020)
New York Fed Surveys: Business Activity in the Region Sees Historic Plunge in April (Apr 16, 2020)
Businesses in the Tri-State Region Struggling to Weather the Coronavirus Outbreak (Mar 30, 2020)
Orange-Rockland-Westchester Household Debt & Credit Snapshot (Q4 2018)
New York Household Debt & Credit Snapshot (Q4 2018)
Jaison Abel’s January 2020 Briefing on the Regional Economy with a Focus on Central New York
Growth Has Slowed across the Region (Dec 17, 2019)
President Williams's Visit to Albany & Hudson Valley (Jul 2019)
New York State’s Community Colleges are Successfully Partnering with Employers (Nov 14, 2018)
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