Business Leaders Survey

A monthly survey of service firms in New York State, northern New Jersey and southwestern Connecticut, conducted by the New York Fed.


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Activity in the region’s service sector continued to expand, according to firms responding to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s August 2019 Business Leaders Survey.The survey’s headline business activity index was little changed at 9.1. The business climate index held slightly above zero, indicating that on balance, firms regarded the business climate as better than normal. Employment levels rose modestly, and wage increases picked up. The prices paid index moved down seven points to 42.0, its lowest level in nearly two years, while the prices received index increased five points to 21.7. Optimism was slightly lower than last month, with the index for future business climate remaining below zero for a third consecutive month.

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Historical Reports >>

Latest Report including charts of diffusion indexes PDF

Historical Tables

Diffusion Indexes

Data definitions PDF 2 pages / 10 kb

All Data

Data definitions PDF 2 pages / 10 kb

The Business Leaders Survey is a monthly survey conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York that asks companies across its District - which includes New York State, Northern New Jersey, and Fairfield County, Connecticut - about recent and expected trends in key business indicators. This survey is designed to parallel the Empire State Manufacturing Survey, though it covers a wider geography and the questions are slightly different. Participants from the service sector respond to a questionnaire and report on a variety of indicators, both in terms of recent and expected changes. While January 2014 is the first published report, survey responses date back to September of 2004 and all historical data are available on our website.

The survey is sent on the first business day of each month to the same pool of about 150 business executives, usually the president or CEO, in the region's service sector. In a typical month, about 100 responses are received by around the tenth of the month when the survey closes.

For demonstration only:
Sample survey PDF 3 pages / 44 kb

Respondents come from a wide range of industries outside of the manufacturing sector, with the mix of respondents closely resembling the industry structure of the region.

The survey's headline index, general business activity, is a distinct question posed on the survey (as opposed to a composite of responses to other questions). Currently, no indexes are seasonally adjusted since none of the series exhibits stable seasonal patterns from a statistical perspective.

Tech help:

Questions about survey/data: or (716) 849-5025; or (212) 720-5651

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