Business Leaders Survey

A monthly survey of service firms in New York State, northern New Jersey and southwestern Connecticut, conducted by the New York Fed.


Note: Survey responses were collected between February 2 and February 9.

Download the full report pdf
Read this month's Supplemental Survey Report on Minimum wage effects and supply disruptions
Activity in the region’s service sector continued to decline significantly, though at a slower pace than last month, according to firms responding to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s February 2021 Business Leaders Survey. The survey’s headline business activity index rose ten points to -21.5. The business climate index was little changed at -65.0, indicating that the vast majority of firms continued to view the business climate as worse than normal. Employment levels continued to decline, and wage increases continued to accelerate. Both input prices and selling prices increased at a slightly faster pace than in January. Capital spending fell for an eleventh consecutive month, though capital spending plans over the next six months turned positive for the first time since the pandemic began. Looking ahead, optimism among respondents rose to its highest level in months.

More »

Released at 8:30 a.m.



19   report PDF
17   report PDF

Historical Reports >>

Latest Report including charts of diffusion indexes PDF

Historical Tables

Diffusion Indexes

Data definitions PDF 2 pages / 10 kb

All Data

Data definitions PDF 2 pages / 10 kb

The Business Leaders Survey is a monthly survey conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York that asks companies across its District - which includes New York State, Northern New Jersey, and Fairfield County, Connecticut - about recent and expected trends in key business indicators. This survey is designed to parallel the Empire State Manufacturing Survey, though it covers a wider geography and the questions are slightly different. Participants from the service sector respond to a questionnaire and report on a variety of indicators, both in terms of recent and expected changes. While January 2014 is the first published report, survey responses date back to September of 2004 and all historical data are available on our website.

The survey is sent on the first business day of each month to the same pool of about 150 business executives, usually the president or CEO, in the region's service sector. In a typical month, about 100 responses are received by around the tenth of the month when the survey closes.

For demonstration only:
Sample survey PDF 3 pages / 44 kb

Respondents come from a wide range of industries outside of the manufacturing sector, with the mix of respondents closely resembling the industry structure of the region.

The survey's headline index, general business activity, is a distinct question posed on the survey (as opposed to a composite of responses to other questions). Currently, no indexes are seasonally adjusted since none of the series exhibits stable seasonal patterns from a statistical perspective.

Tech help:

Questions about survey/data: or (716) 849-5025; or (212) 720-5651

Related New York Fed Content
By continuing to use our site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Statement. You can learn more about how we use cookies by reviewing our Privacy Statement.   Close