New York City

Comprising the five boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island, New York City has a population of around 8.6 million that is ethnically and culturally diverse. Its economy is the largest in New York State and among the largest in the world. Nearly 70 percent of households rent their homes, many of which are rent-stabilized. Land prices and thus home prices are exceptionally high—particularly in or near prime areas of Manhattan. The Great Recession was less severe in New York City than in most of the nation, and since then, the City has experienced its strongest economic boom in decades, with much of this growth seen in the City’s outer boroughs. The recent growth has come with little contribution from the securities industry, which had historically been a key driver of economic expansions. Many different sectors, including leisure and hospitality, education and health, and construction, have seen robust job growth, and employment in the relatively well-paying tech cluster has expanded sharply. These trends have led to an increasingly diversified New York City economy in recent years.

Economic and Demographic Trends
New York City Orange-Rockland-Westchester* Long Island* New York State USA
Population1 8,623,000 1,691,000 2,862,000 19,849,000 325,719,000
Pop growth, 10-year change1 3.8% 5.5% 2.3% 3.7% 8.1%
GDP, billions2 $883 $111 $176 $1,500 $18,510
Job growth, 5-year change1 13.4% 6.5% 6.3% 8.3% 9.3%
Median household income2 $58,000 $76,600 $98,600 $62,000 $57,000
Median home price2 $520,000 $300,000 $400,000 $300,000 $200,000
Pop share age 25+ with BA+2 37.0% 42.1% 39.7% 35.7% 31.3%


1 2017

2 2016

* Neighboring Metros

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics; IPUMS USA-University of Minnesota; New York City Department of City Planning. Data retrieved through American FactFinder, Moody's Economy.com, or directly from source.

Reports & Analysis
New York City Economic Indicators (detailed data and timely updates)
NEW: Early Benchmarked Employment Data
Strategies for Equitable Growth: A New York City Listening Session with Nonprofit Leaders (Jul 17, 2019)
President Williams' Regional Visit to Manhattan (July 9, 2019)
Labor Markets in the Region Are Exceptionally Tight (Dec 4, 2018)
In Bustling New York, Credit Gaps Exist in Many Neighborhoods (Dec 3, 2018)
Latino-Owned Businesses: Shining a Light on National Trends (released Nov 2018)
New York City Credit Profile, 2018 (released Nov 2018)
New York State's Community Colleges are Successfully Partnering with Employers (Nov 14, 2018)
Brooklyn Roads: President Williams Tours the Borough for First Regional Visit (Aug 28, 2018)
Investing in America's Workforce—New York City (2017)
Just Released: Economic Press Briefing Focuses on Regional Wage Inequality (Aug 10, 2017)
A Tale of Two States: The Recession's Impact on N.Y. and N.J. School Finances (Feb 2017)
New York City Regional Household Debt & Credit Snapshot (released Q4 2016)