Permanent Open Market Operations
Purchases or sales of securities on an outright basis that add or drain reserves and change the size or the composition of the System Open Market Account (SOMA) portfolio are among the tools used by the Federal Reserve to implement monetary policy.
Purchases or sales of Treasury securities on an outright basis have been used historically to manage the supply of reserves in the banking system. Traditionally, purchases of Treasury securities for the SOMA were conducted to offset factors that permanently drain balances from the banking system, including U.S. currency in circulation, among other factors. These actions would be taken to maintain conditions in the market for bank reserves consistent with the federal funds target rate set by the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). In recent years, the FOMC has directed the Desk to change the size or the composition of the SOMA's Treasury portfolio in order to influence longer-term interest rates and support broader financial conditions.
Operations »
Cumulative Purchases of Longer-term Treasury Securities (Jan. 2013 – Oct. 2014)
FAQs: Treasury Rollovers »
Open Market Operations: Transaction Data »
Agency MBS

The FOMC directed the Desk, effective in October 2017, to gradually reduce the reinvestment of principal payments from the Federal Reserve’s holdings of agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS) in agency MBS, consistent with the June 2017 addendum to the Committee’s Policy Normalization Principles and Plans.

The Desk conducts agency MBS small value exercises from time to time as matter of prudent advance planning by the Federal Reserve. The exercises are conducted under the annual authorization for domestic open market operations for the purpose of testing operational readiness. They do not represent a change in the stance of monetary policy, and no inference should be drawn about the timing of any change in the stance of monetary policy in the future.

Operations »
Tentative Outright Agency MBS Operation Schedule »
Upcoming Small Value Outright Agency MBS Sales Operations PDF
Agency MBS Transaction Summary »
Agency MBS Historical Operational Results and Planned Purchase Amounts »
FAQs: Agency MBS Reinvestment Purchases »
FAQs: Agency MBS CUSIP Aggregation »
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